Denominations of Origin (DO), also known as Protected Denominations of Origin (PDO, DOP in Spanish) emerge to recognise the quality of certain products and offer a guarantee for the consumer. In Cordoba, olive oil, Iberian ham, wine and vinegar are protected by these frameworks of precedence, so that there are seven Denominations of Origin which endorse these products from the land.
DOs from Baena, Priego, Lucena and Montoro-Adamuz are those which recognise the quality, character and condition of the so-called liquid gold, linked to Cordoba by its historical tradition and with worldwide known fame, without forgetting its economic, social and cultural importance.
Concerning the products coming from the Iberian ham, they have always been linked to the meadow of Sierra Morena, to the north of the province of Cordoba, where these animals are bred completely free. Hence the Denomination of Origin Los Pedroches, whose quality is certified by four basic factors: race, advanced age, free breeding and continuous movement, and the exclusive feeding on acorn and herbs.
Wine of DO of Montilla-Moriles is internationally famous and is a key piece in the gastronomy of Cordoba. Its production extends throughout the south of the province of Cordoba, where different varieties of grapes are grown, among which Airén, Moscatel, Pedro Ximénez, Torrontés and Balad stand out – a wide range of flavours and smells which invite you to taste them. Under the same Regulating Council is also the DO Vinegars of Montilla-Moriles.
The importance of these productions can be quantified in annual reports from the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing, Food and Environment, which are the only ones which allow comparing the varied protected production zones.
The highest number of denominations. Wine and vinegar, olive oil and Iberian shoulders and hams place Cordoba as the Andalusian province with the highest number of denominations of origin, with seven quality labels. The sum of the seven denominations of origin of Cordoba left revenues of 82,3 million euros from the campaign of 2016, a slightly minor quantity than the one in the previous report, according to the Ministry of Agriculture.
The promotion of agro-food production has a key role when designing marketing strategies.
Along with this fact, the Regional Government of Andalusia granted 565.994 euros to the denominations of origin of Cordoba for the Promotion of Agro-food products guaranteed by a quality scheme. In this Program of Rural Development of Andalusia 2014 – 2020 there are two distinct lines, one is destined to support the oil and olive sector and the other one for the rest.